How The Resolution Framework™ Works

The Resolution Framework™ offers a new and innovative approach for handling the perennial problems of discipline, conduct, performance and grievances in the workplace. This section explains how the Resolution Framework™ works and how to begin the process of integrating it into your own organisation. For more details, please contact TCM using the button below.

Flexible, adaptable and scalable

Each Resolution Framework™ is designed around your organisation and takes account of your unique structure, context and needs. However, to help answer the ‘where do I start?‘ question, we provide three versions of the Resolution Framework™; based on how widely you’d like the framework to be applied across your organisation:

  • Resolution First: This support package will provide everything that you need to implement a fully functioning Resolution Framework™ to handle grievances, bullying and harassment within your organisation. The majority of issues will be resolved informally, while only the most serious cases will initiate a formal approach.
  • Resolution Plus: In addition to grievances, bullying and harassment, our Resolution Plus package will allow you to reframe the way that disciplinary issues are handled within your organisation. The framework delivers a shift in focus towards restorative justice, with dismissal only used as a carefully considered last resort.
  • Resolution Gold: This package enables your organisation to replace its grievance, discipline and performance procedures with one all-encompassing Resolution Framework™. It is the option that delivers the maximum impact, for the greatest levels of employee experience (EX) and transformational change; requiring engagement from managers at all levels.

The Resolution Framework™ Process Map

The image below provides a summary of the Resolution Framework™ which replaces the discipline, performance and grievance procedures. Additional guidance is provided below the image. TCM provides consultancy support and training to assist organisations to integrate a Resolution Framework. Full details of the modules and the support packages available from TCM can be viewed by clicking here

Teresa Delaney South Yorkshire and District Branch of CIPD

“We are extremely grateful to David Liddle of the Resolution Framework for leading an insightful discussion to our members on ‘Taking the Grief out of Grievance’ earlier this year. This event which was attended by over 70 HR professionals received excellent feedback with 93% of attendees rating David’s session as good or excellent.  In particular members reported that they found the session informative and that it developed and challenged thinking around  grievance, mediation and conflict resolution, as well as leading them to consider the proposition of changing from a grievance to a resolution policy approach.”

Jules Goddard Event Coordinator at Swindon & North Wiltshire CIPD

“David Liddle from the Resolution Framework recently delivered an excellent event for the Swindon and North Wiltshire CIPD. It was a very engaging session and we had some great feedback afterwards. The topic is a very important one to most if not all businesses, Redefining Resolution. We were excited to book David and he delivered a very informative and interactive evening.  David delivered some thought provoking information which made everyone begin to think about alternatives to the ‘normal’ formal grievance procedures and how to avoid the almost inevitable increase in tension within the organisation, while encouraging mediation and other informal approaches. This methodology also is very cost effective, avoiding the heavy input required from managers when trying to resolve conflict or grievances. The feedback from the group that David delivered to is overwhelmingly positive and I can highly recommend David and the Resolution Framework.”

Sarah Buckley ER & Employment Policy Consultant at Aviva

“Couldn’t fault the service provided by David and the team in helping us set up an internal resolution procedure and mediation team. We had fantastic feedback from all our colleagues who attended training with them.”

Geri Brownrigg Professional Standards Manager at Metropolitan Police

“I would wholeheartedly recommend The Resolution Framework to anyone looking to implement mediation/resolution into their workplace. The team are extremely professional, incredibly knowledgeable and very welcoming and relaxed in their approach.”

Jonathan Goodger Former Senior Employee Relations Manager at TSB Bank

“It’s very rare to come across someone who is quite so passionate about their area of expertise. David (and the whole Resolution Framework team) have been extremely professional, knowledgeable, supportive and not to mention a little patient as we work to implement our resolution scheme in TSB. But that’s not the half of it. What is really striking is David’s absolute belief and commitment that there is a better, more human, way of resolving conflict that benefits everyone from the impacted people to the wider business – it’s completely inspiring and wherever I go in my career from this point, the resolution of conflict is something I will focus on in a way that I never would have in the past. It’s been a pleasure to work with David and the team and I hope that opportunity will crop up again in the future. His book is an excellent read as well.”

Sarah Buckley ER & Employment Policy Consultant at Aviva

“Couldn’t fault the service provided by David and the team in helping us set up an internal resolution procedure and mediation team. We had fantastic feedback from all our colleagues who attended training with them.”

Jon Millidge Pension Reform Director at Royal Mail

“The Resolution Framework has supported us to deliver our policy to resolve issues and establish a culture of fairness, trust and mutual respect. It is no surprise that in a business which employs so many people, there will be disagreements from time to time. The team has helped us to establish a modern system for resolving these disagreements quickly and professionally.”

Administration, accountability and governance

As a tried and tested HR and ER policy framework, organisations which integrate The Resolution Framework™ work with TCM to develop a series of checks and balances which ensure that it meets and exceeds all statutory and best practice guidance. This section explains the role and purpose of the resolution unit, the request for resolution process, the role of the resolution champions and how the Resolution Index (RI)™ works.

The Resolution Centre

The Resolution Centre (also known as the Resolution Unit) are the custodians of the Resolution Framework™. The Resolution Centre sits within HR but includes representatives from trade unions, employee reps and managers. In that respect, this is a cross functional team and it offers a modern and highly effective model of partnership working.

Request for Resolution

The Request for Resolution (RfR) is the new name for the form which is used to lodge a complaint or a concern. The RfR draws heavily on positive psychology and appreciative inquiry. It is written in such as way as to engender a positive, solution focused mindset in the parties.

The RfR is submitted to the Resolution Unit who will then undertake a triage (assessment) of the case using the agreed Resolution Index.

Resolution index/triage

The triage (assessment) process ensures that each case is assessed on it merits and the appropriate route to resolution is applied in each case. Out with three step processes and in with  a tailored and robust solution designed around the needs of the parties and the organisation.

Resolution Champions

The resolution champion role is a key role within the Resolution Framework. They are an independent group of people who support the parties throughout the resolution process. They work with the parties before, during and for an agreed period following the resolution process.

The resolution champions ensure that the resolution process is:

  • Accessible
  • Robust
  • Sustained

Local Resolution

In most situations, the simplest and most effective way to resolve a complaint, a concern or a conflict is to sit down and have a prompt, informal conversation with the other person. Under the Resolution Framework™, it is the role and responsibility of well-trained managers to spot the warning signs and to engage their team members in a confident and productive conversation. In this way, an outcome can be found that is acceptable to all parties. Some coaching or mentoring may also be requested to support with the outcome of the meeting.
Click each box to find out more.

Act Quickly

Conflict can be complex and confusing. However, most issues follow a similar journey. In simple terms, conflict tends to get worse, the longer that it is left unaddressed. The more that can be done to manage conflict at its earliest possible stages, the less of a negative impact it will have. This is commonly referred to as ‘Nipping conflict in the bud’.

The sooner that an Early Resolution Meeting can take place, the greater its chances of success, and the lower the risk of the issue requiring more formal intervention.

Keep it Confidential

Many conflicts have the capacity to spread wider than the individuals involved. This can have a damaging impact on team performance, providing a distraction from important tasks. This should be avoided wherever possible. It is the manager’s role to ensure that all that is discussed within the Early Resolution Meeting does not go further than the meeting.

Explaining to the parties that the resolution process is a confidential one can also be an effective means of creating the all-important psychological safety which can encourage participation. This is essential to help the parties to say what they really need to say during the session.

5 Top Tips

These 5 useful tips can help ensure that the manager or supervisor responsible for chairing the early resolution meeting does all that they can to facilitate effective resolution:

  1. Create a psychologically safe space by developing appropriate boundaries and ground rules.
  2. Understand the importance of empathy, self-awareness and active listening, and display these qualities during the session.
  3. Role model the behaviours that you expect from the parties, for example, responding to criticism in a non-defensive manner.
  4. Produce an agreement or Resolution Action Plan, with clearly defined objectives.
  5. Outline the consequences of not achieving an objective, in a way which avoids sounding threatening or confrontational.
Talk it through

The Early Resolution meeting provides the opportunity for the parties to say what they really need to say, and feel heard by both the manager and other party. For many, this might not come completely naturally. In such cases, the advice and support of a Resolution Champion can be called upon.

The benefits of early resolution can spread further than the meetings themselves. We aim to build a culture where all parties engage with one another constructively, enabling most issues to be resolved locally, reducing the need for more time-consuming processes.

Facilitated Conversations.

The facilitated conversation is a confidential discussion between all parties facilitated by an independent third party. It is shorter than a full mediation and is typically used to resolve less serious cases or at an earlier stage of a conflict or a complaint. The facilitator provides all parties with a safe environment to discuss concerns in a supportive way. It will be led by one of the members of the Resolution Hub or a trained manager. Click each box to find out more.

Initial Private Meetings

The facilitator will meet with each party individually before the main face to face session. This allows the opportunity for each party to establish their framing of the issues, build some rapport with the facilitator and become clear on what they hope to achieve from the process. Parties also have the chance to ask any questions they may have about the process.

The Facilitated Conversation

During the face to face meeting, the facilitator will create the opportunity for dialogue between the parties. They will ensure that each party has the opportunity to speak and feel heard. They will then guide the process towards a mutually acceptable outcome.

After the meeting, notes from the meeting are destroyed at the end of the session. The only document that will be retained is the final agreement, and both parties will keep a copy. The facilitator may check in with the parties at a later date to check progress with the agreements and offer a little extra support if needed.


Mediation is a more in-depth restorative process, that must be carried out by a specially trained staff member. It can also be provided by external professional mediators from The TCM Group. Mediation can typically be completed within one full day, but may take longer if more than two people are involved. All parties must agree to take part as mediation is a voluntary and confidential process.

Mediation works!

In our experience, over 90% of mediations result in favourable agreements being reached for all parties involved. Not only this, but as the process can be completed in just one day, it offers huge savings in comparison to traditional investigative processes. Most parties will find the process less stressful, and its prompt delivery can greatly reduce the costs posed to your organisation.

The TCM Group are the foremost provider of workplace mediation services and mediation training.  TCM were awarded Mediation Provider of the Year at the 2018 National Mediation Awards, and HR consultancy of the year at the 2020 Personnel Today Awards

Please click here to view the mediation services offered by The TCM Group.
A better conversation

Speaking to someone we are in conflict with is very often the last thing that we would like to do. It is the Mediator’s role to make this much more comfortable. They are specially trained with an in-depth knowledge of the psychology of conflict. They are also practiced in the conversational skills needed to make parties feel safe, at ease and guided through an effective dialogue. All mediators working for, or trained by The TCM Group, use the highly acclaimed Fair Mediation Model.

The mediator will guide the conversation to ensure that discussions do not get too heated, whilst ensuring that important issues are openly aired. As the process is confidential, parties can feel safe in the knowledge that what they say will not have any unexpected impact on their future work.

Flexible and fair

Mediation is completely different to a formal investigation. Rather than being guided by policies and the person conducting the procedure, the process is owned by the parties themselves. No one is instructed as to what they have to do. The mediator simply helps the parties to talk through what isn’t working in their current relationship, and how they’d like to see things improve.

It is up to the parties themselves to create their own ideas and actionable solutions to solve the issues they are facing. The mediator’s role is to guide them along this journey.

Solution focused

A traditional investigation is very much focused on re-visiting past events, to determine exactly what happened. This doesn’t help resolve the underlying issues, or move things forwards. In fact, the opposite very often happens. By focussing heavily on previous conflict, the parties involved can drift even further apart.

While mediation does explore past events, it does so with the purpose of resolving them. Just as much time is spent on thinking about the future, and how the situation can change, and improve moving forwards.

Team Facilitation or Team Building

Team facilitation builds upon the principles of mediation, but applied to situations where a dispute or breakdown has occurred amongst a wider team. It is a very useful process to help move a team from toxic to transformational. Team disputes can be very complex. For this reason, the process should be led by a highly skilled and expert facilitator.

Understanding the root cause of the problem

The initial aim of the team facilitation is to gain an insight and understanding of the underlying problems and issues affecting the team. These may include behavioural, cultural, systemic, structural, environmental or political factors. Information will be gathered from a variety of means, including:

  • Interviewing a sample of key stakeholders
  • Performing a root cause analysis
  • Review of the key policies, reports and documents relating to the chronology of the case.
Rebuilding the team

This part of the process consists of a session with all the key team members, to allow for a consensus to be formed on the unsatisfactory nature of the situation, develop specific requirements and an action plan. The expert facilitator will undertake a deep dive into the team and help identify a series of shared solutions to the challenges identified by the team members.

Problem areas may include poor communication, hidden agendas, unclear roles or goals and ambiguous reporting lines.

Formal Resolution

The Resolution Framework™ is designed to divert the majority of issues away from formal processes and procedures. However, in serious or complex cases, or cases where previous attempts at early resolution have been unsuccessful, a formal resolution meeting may be required. This section explains how formal resolution works.

How it works

A formal approach should be considered as an option in the following situations:

  • If informal resolution methods have been unsuccessful.
  • Where 2 reminders have been issued and a third reminder may be required.
  • For the most complex and serious issues ie situations which achieve a high score high on the resolution index (RI)

In HR policy terms, the formal resolution meeting is equivalent to a formal hearing or a determination.

The Resolution Unit will appoint a chair for the formal resolution meeting. They should be from outside of the team where the issue has presented, and be at an appropriate management level.

What to expect

For more sensitive/complex issues, an investigation may be needed prior to the formal resolution meeting. The investigation will be conducted by a trained, unbiased member of staff. (internal or external). The purpose of this process is to discover all the facts, which are analysed objectively and presented in a fair and reasonable manner.

Following the investigation an dthe submission of the report, all relevant parties will be invited, in writing, to attend the investigation and/ or formal resolution meeting.

During the formal resolution meeting, the chair will meet with each party, for the opportunity to talk about their concerns and how they could be resolved. A note-taker may also attend the meeting, and notes of the meeting will be shared without unreasonable delay. The chair may also arrange for all parties to meet at a pre arranged meeting. This is a chance to explore all issues and to consider next steps

Following the meeting, the chair will review the facts, decide the outcome and their recommendations for resolution. The outcome of the formal resolution meeting will be confirmed to the parties in writing without unreasonable delay.

Right to be accompanied: All parties have the right to bring a trade union representative or colleague to the formal resolution meeting.

Possible outcomes

The aim of the formal resolution meeting is, wherever possible to seek a restorative approach for addressing the issues. In this case the chair may refer the situation for further mediation or a restorative justice process. However in more serious cases the chair has the following options available to them:

  • Issue a third reminder. This is the final reminder and this reminder can only be issued through a formal resolution meeting.
  • Support the manager and the employee to agree action plan to help improve the performance and/or to improve the relationship.
  • Suggest training or coaching be made available to one or more of the parties.
  • In cases of gross misconduct, the chair may dismiss the employee – with or without notice.
Right of appeal

Parties have the right to appeal against the outcome of a formal resolution meeting within 7 calendar days of receiving the outcome and must specify in writing, the full grounds of their appeal, such as:

  • Procedural errors where there is evidence the process was incorrectly followed; or
  • New evidence is available that may change the outcome of the formal meeting; or
  • Fairness and reasonableness of the outcome.

Appeal meetings are formal meetings and will be led by an independent appeals manager. There will be a review of the fairness of the original decision or there may be a full re-hearing at the discretion of the Appeal Hearing Manager. Possible outcomes include:

  • Confirming the original decision stands; or
  • Revoking the original decision; or
  • Substituting a different outcome.

Contact our expert team

    Or call The TCM Resolution Helpline: 0800 294 97 87